News

13.02 2024

DR MICHAŁ MARKIEWICZ FOR RZECZPOSPOLITA – WHY PROTECT MULTIPLE RIGHTS FOR THE SAME PROJECT?

This time in Rzeczpospolita, Dr. Michal Markiewicz presents the issue of cumulation of IP protection from the perspective of a single product, the protection of which entrepreneurs can expand by obtaining multiple rights whose “direction” of protection differs. Thus, we can, among other things, protect specific details of a design or the overall impression it creates, protect against the risk of association by the average viewer, or the use of a new technical achievement. In the text, Dr. Markiewicz writes why it is worthwhile to seek additional protection of an important project for the entrepreneur. He also points out the systemic dangers of failing to standardize exceptions and limitations to exclusive rights – an example of which is the recent and widely commented ruling of the Court of Justice of the EU in the Audi C-344/22 case. Publicly available excerpt from the article: https://archiwum.rp.pl/artykul/1510455-Dlaczego-warto-chronic-wieloma-prawami-ten-sam-projekt.html

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30.01 2024

DR MICHAŁ MARKIEWICZ FOR RZECZPOSPOLITA – COPYRIGHT LAW WILL STOP BUSINESS FROM SWITCHING COMPLETELY TO ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

In today’s Rzeczpospolita, Dr. Michal Markiewicz writes about copyright law and the difficulty in defining the concept of a work, and therefore determining what copyright protects. The problem has been discussed for years, but there is a chance on the horizon that the Court of Justice of the EU, answering two preliminary questions addressed to it at the end of 2023, will answer how to examine the premise of “the author’s own intellectual creation.” Among many specific issues, the CJEU will be able to answer the questions: 👉 Should only the result of a person’s work be examined, or also the creative process itself? 👉 When examining the creative choices made by the author, does the author’s subjective judgment as to the choices he made matter? 👉 Can circumstances related to the reception of the work affect the assessment of meeting the criteria for protection? Publicly available excerpt from the article: https://archiwum.rp.pl/artykul/1509703-Czym-jest-utwor.html

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19.01 2024

DR MICHAŁ MARKIEWICZ FOR RZECZPOSPOLITA – COPYRIGHT LAW WILL STOP BUSINESS FROM SWITCHING COMPLETELY TO ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

An interview appeared in Rzeczpospolita this week, in which Dr. Michal Markiewicz addresses the future of copyright law in the context of artificial intelligence (AI). Will we live to see regulation on international grounds, will creators be compensated for the use of their works for the purpose of teaching algorithms, will computers replace humans, should AI creations receive some kind of protection, such as a related law, and how to evaluate the cooperation between man and machine? There are significantly more questions, but we ran out of “space.” ➡️ Publicly available excerpt from the article: https://www.rp.pl/rzecz-o-prawie/art39705891-michal-markiewicz-nikt-nie-zaciagnie-hamulca.html

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16.01 2024

DR MICHAŁ MARKIEWICZ FOR RZECZPOSPOLITA – QUOTATION IN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW

This time in Rzeczpospolita, Dr. Michal Markiewicz writes about citation, comparing the application of this institution to two intellectual property rights, i.e. the right to register an industrial design and copyright. Seemingly the same name, but obviously different meanings. The citation in copyright law is confined rather narrowly, although there are attempts at a broader interpretation, limited, however, at present by CJEU case law. On the ground of industrial designs, citation serves a completely different purpose, and the approach to its interpretation is far more open to broadening its intuitive scope. Publicly available excerpt from the article: https://archiwum.rp.pl/artykul/1508848-Cytat-w-prawie-wlasnosci-intelektualnej.html?fbclid=IwAR3Gdlu9gNaGYo-7AibkFYCG0dSmVtxmZJmh4GTawH7c-Bhnov6230XkDcM

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04.01 2024

COMMENTARY BY DR. MICHAL MARKIEWICZ FOR RZECZPOSPOLITA – RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE USE OF WORKS FOR LEARNING AI ALGORITHMS

Yesterday’s Rzeczpospolita featured an article by editor Jan Skoumal, in which we were asked to comment on Polish law in the context of liability for the use of works for the purpose of teaching AI algorithms. In addition to the doubts related to the possibility of invoking temporary reproduction (Article 23(1) of the Copyright Act), it is once again surprising that more than 4.5 years have not been enough for us to implement the DSM Directive (2019/790), including the exception for data mining (TDM). We are already 2.5 years past the deadline, and the counter continues to tick. Link to article: https://www.rp.pl/internet-i-prawo-autorskie/art39646041-pozew-przeciwko-sztucznej-inteligencji-czy-bylby-mozliwy-w-polsce

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02.01 2024

DR MICHAŁ MARKIEWICZ FOR RZECZPOSPOLITA – ADVERTISING VS. BACKGROUND OBJECT

New year, old habits. In today’s Rzeczpospolita, Dr. Michal Markiewicz writes about the problem of commercial use of items purchased on property. So: is it permissible to publish photos of board members against the background of purchased paintings, is it permissible to post photos of the office containing well-known and recognizable furniture on the website, and is it permissible to use the appearance of the office for the purpose of creating flyers, souvenirs, etc. advertising a particular business? And if all of these activities would be prohibited, is it at all permissible to invite third parties, for example, to a meeting, in such a decorated space? Publicly available excerpt from the article: https://archiwum.rp.pl/artykul/1508121-Reklama-a-przedmiot-w-tle.html

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19.12 2023

DR MICHAŁ MARKIEWICZ FOR RZECZPOSPOLITA – USE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE WEAKENS RIGHTS OF ENTREPRENEURS

In a recent article in Rzeczpospolita, Dr. Michal Markiewicz writes about the risks of using artificial intelligence from the perspective of businesses, including the narrower scope of rights they acquire when employees use AI. In the text, he also addresses the controversial topic of the possibility of invoking the presumption of authorship in the case of works developed by AI – is this a procedural gateway that allows the assumption of protection for works created by AI (until the presumption is rebutted by the other party, provided it has the relevant evidence), or is it a condition of invoking the presumption that the work must be shown to be of human authorship? Publicly available excerpt from the article: https://archiwum.rp.pl/artykul/1507515-Wykorzystanie-sztucznej-inteligencji-oslabia-prawa-przedsiebiorcow.html

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